What Is Root Amputation?

Root amputation consists of a dental procedure in which one root is extracted from a multi-root tooth. After that, the dentist secures the tooth and restores it to full function with a crown or a filling. Typically, this procedure is used on the molars, which are found at the back of the mouth, because these sizable flat teeth possess either two or three roots according to their location (lower jaw molars have two roots, while upper jaw molars have three).

What Are the Purpose and Benefits of Root Amputation?

  • To save an injured or diseased tooth from having to be pulled
  • Less expensive and quicker than dental implants, large-scale bridgework, or custom-made tooth replacements
  • Can be completed in 1-3 brief visits

When Is Root Amputation A Necessity?

When considering root amputation, keep in mind that root amputations can only be implemented when the tooth in question is otherwise healthy. No matter how important a particular tooth may be to the overall function of the mouth, if it is too diseased, too badly cracked, or otherwise wounded, it will have to be extracted.

In order for a tooth to qualify for root amputation, it must have:

  • A healthy tooth surface
  • Stable bone support
  • No underlying gum issues

Reasons your Empress Walk Dental dentist might consider a root amputation for a tooth include:

  • Broken, injured or cracked teeth and roots
  • Tooth decay in a specific area of the tooth
  • High bone loss in a specific area as a result of periodontitis
  • Entrenched bacteria in the root system

How Does Root Amputation Work?

  • First, your dentist starts by performing a root canal treatment under a local anesthetic
  • Then, an incision is made deep into the tooth in order to access the nerves and the blood vessels and these parts of the tooth are removed
  • Next, a small incision is made in the gum, revealing the roots of the affected tooth
  • The root is then separated from the rest of the tooth and taken out
  • The entire area is rinsed with a saline solution to eliminate any lurking bacteria
  • The incision is closed up by means of sutures (stitches)
  • Finally, a temporary crown or filling will used to keep the tooth in place
  • In some cases, your Empress Walk Dental dentist may prescribe painkillers, antibiotics and/or a medicated anti-microbial mouthwash
  • In 7-10 days, the sutures will be taken out and your gum will be as good as new
  • It will then be time to put the permanent crown or filling in place to cap off the tooth and prevent further damage

Curious about root amputation and want to know more? Your Empress Walk Dental dentist and hygienist are happy to discuss this topic with you further when you come in for your appointment.

To schedule your comprehensive oral exam today at one of our convenient Toronto or North York locations, give us a call or contact us at 416-250-8000!

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5095 Yonge St, Unit A1, North York, ON M2N 6Z4

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